The portal for public information to residents within the Victor Khanye Municipal area on safety
By notice from the Webmaster
Corona-virus global pandemic
To get relevant information on the status and newest information including Approved media releases, please visit the following website:
How is it transmitted?
The virus is spreading from person-to-person. The spread of the disease have been identified as mainly via respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes, similar to how influenza and other respiratory pathogens spread. Thus far, the majority of cases have occurred in people with close physical contact to cases and healthcare workers caring for patients with COVID-19.
How is COVID-19 treated?
Treatment is supportive (providing oxygen for patients with shortness of breath or treating a fever, for example). To date, there is no specific antiviral treatment or vaccine available. Antibiotics do not treat viral infections. However, antibiotics may be required if a bacterial secondary infection develops.
What we are being done in South Africa?
South Africa is curerently in Lockdown to flatten the curve of infections. There was an initial hard lockdown and then a phases easing of the lockdown through arert levels to open up the economy and still attempting to keep the infection rates low. However, with the easing of the lockdown, there is an increase in cases and deathtolls observed, this is also contributed by a general disobedience from the public in terms of implementing restrictive measures such as social distancing and not traveling. (basically "when you move, the virus moves".
A large campaign of screening have been initiated. Suspected cases (people displaying symptoms or having a fever) are refered to health care faciities to be tested and recommended to go into self-isolation until test results come back.
Positive cases will be managed dependant on their severity by means of monitored self-isolation and contact tracing or hospitilasation on severe cases. Those who cannot self-isolate can be refered to designated faciities estalished for isolation.
Protocols are in place for follow up on case contacts to ensure that the virus does not spread further.
Incubation period is between 2 to 10 days.
The most common symptoms start with a loss of taste and/or smell, fever, followed by a dry cough with tiredness or fatigue
In more severe cases shortness of breath or difficiculty breathing may also present, with more serious patients requiring hospital treatment
Notably, the COVID-19 infection rarely seems to cause a runny nose, sneezing, with some cases reporting a sore throat after the cough started (observed in about 5% of patients).
Sore throat, sneezing and stuffy nose are most often signs of a cold.
There is no need to panic –
98% of COVID-19 cases are mild:
patients only experience a slight fever, fatigue and a cough.
Only about 2% of patients need intensive care.
The vast majority of people can stay at home and get better without hospital treatment.
The Global percentage of recovery rates are 90% with only a 10% of serious cases where patients have lost their lives.
The highest mortality rate are with people on the age range 40 to 79 (on South African statistics) with the age range 60 - 69 as the most dangerous ages.
And in almost all these cases the patient also had a comorbidity (meaning another overlaping illness such as Asthma, COPD, TB, Diabetes, Colds and Flu, Bronchitis, to mention a few)
– Wash your hands regularly with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
– Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with
– Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
- Practice Social Distancing of at least 1,5m from
- Wear face protection such as a cloth mask or
scarf covering the nose and mouth when in public
areas, in vehicles with public or areas where social
distancing cannot be achieved.
– Cover your cough or sneeze with a flexed elbow or a
tissue, then throw the tissue in the bin.
– Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and
- Older people (65+) need to take extra care and where
possible avoid unnecessary traveling
Below are some information on COVID-19
NATIONAL LOCKDOWN FOR SOUTH AFRICA
MOVED BACK TO ADJUSTED LEVEL 3 FROM 29 DECEMBER 2020
What is COVID-19?
Human Coronaviruses are common throughout the world. There are many different coronaviruses identified in animals but only a small number of these can cause disease in humans.
On 7 January 2020, ‘Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2’ (SARS-CoV-2) was confirmed as the causative agent of ‘Coronavirus Disease 2019’ or COVID-19. The majority of the case-patients initially identified were dealers and vendors at a seafood, poultry and live wildlife market in Wuhan, China. Since then, the virus has spread to more than 100 countries, including South Africa.
Initially, travellers to areas where there is ongoing sustained transmission of COVID-19 including Mainland China (all provinces), Hong Kong, Japan, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Vietnam, Taiwan, Italy and the Islamic Republic of Iran are at greatest risk of infection.
Furthermore, the elderly, individuals with comorbidities and healthcare workers have been found to be at a higher risk of death.
With more known and the infection spread, the people most at risk are those with close contact with an infected person. This includes health care providers, emergency care providers and frontline staff directly in contact with public where protection is not in place. It was determined that the age groups 40 to 69 are the highest risk group with people between the ages 60 and 69 being at the top. And it can be also noted that people with a comorbidity* have a much higher risk of contracting the virus with serious to deadly consequences
*(overlapping illness or having multiple medical conditions at teh same tie, especially when they interact with each other in some or other way)
Updated regulations based on Increased infections published.
National State of disaster have been extended to 15 February 2021 (Government Gazette 44071 dated 13 January 2021)
The newest adjusted Level 3 regulations on addressing the second wave of infections can be downloaded here
See below for the updated/amended regulations summary based on the sharp increase of cases
- Loss of sense of taste and smell
- Loss of appetite
- Mental confusion
- Muscle pains
- Skin rash